US Martial Law Kongah Congress Nih Zeidah An Chim Ve Cang

𝐌𝐚𝐫𝐭𝐢𝐚𝐥 𝐋𝐚𝐰 𝐤𝐨𝐧𝐠𝐚𝐡 𝐂𝐨𝐧𝐠𝐫𝐞𝐬𝐬 𝐧𝐢𝐡 𝐳𝐞𝐢𝐝𝐚𝐡 𝐚 𝐜𝐡𝐢𝐦? Zeibantuk federal phung hmanh nih martial law hmannak nawl hi president kut ah a chia lo. Asinain, 1792 le 1871 karlak ah hin Insurrection Acts an remh a tam ngai. 20th Century belte ah cun remhsiam a tlawmdeuh cang. Insurrection Act chung i tengnge 3 nih hin ramchung i ralkap hmannak nawl hi president kutah a chiah. Sections 251 le 252 nih hin the Calling Forth Clause hi an dirpi ngai, ti a lang. Section 251 tangah hin, State pakhat khat ah dohdalnak a um i, state governor asiloah legislature nih federal sinah bomh a hal a si ah cun, President nih hin National Guard a siloah a dang punghman ralkap pawl a hman khawh hna. Second 252 tangah cun, doh a tongmi state nih bomhhalnak an tuah lo zongah US laws dirkamh duh ruangah president nih direct in ralkap thazaang a hman khawh.

Section 253 tangah cun, dohnalnak, ramchung buaibainak, phungkalh in cawlcanghnak, asiloah mipi buaiter timhnak state pakhat ah a um i, state asiloah federal law hnursuan, asiloah mipi/pumpaak an constitutional rights hnursuanpiak an timh hna i state zong nih a tawlrelpiak khawh hna lo/a tawlrelpiak duh hna lo ah cun, President nih National Guard asiloah duty a la lio mi ralkap a hman khawh hna. Section 252 ah khan cun, state pawl an duhnak hi santlai an si lem lo. Part V ningah cun, states pawl nih National Guard pawl sawmnak le an ramri i hmannak nawl an ngeih mi hi Posse Comitatus Act nih a hnursuanpiak kho hna lo. Cun, Title 32 tiin theih mi phunghrampi tangah National Guard pawl an cawlcangh a si ah cun Posse Comitatus Act hi an cungah hman khawh a si lo.

Title 32 nih hin cun riithainak an dohnak, ramchung himbawmnak an kalpinak le training tuahnak nawl a pek hna. Asinain, 2020 June ah khan AG W. Barr nih Title 32 cu kautuk in a sullam a vun leh chap i, National Guard pawl training tuahnak le field exercises tuahnak ding tiangin a langhter. Cu ti ning a si ah cun, an training tuahmi chungah hin raltuknak asiloah mission i hmaithlaknak pawl cu President asiloah Secretary of Defense duhnak in tuahter an si hnga. Cu phung cu Posse Comitatus Act he ai kalh. Ralkap pawl ramchung ah police rian an tuah hi tih a nung kho mi a si, tiin US Founders pawl nih British sinin lungfim an cawn. Cucu Constitution i Bill of Rights nih a langhter.

𝐃𝐚𝐥𝐥𝐢𝐧𝐚𝐤: 𝐌𝐚𝐫𝐭𝐢𝐚𝐥 𝐋𝐚𝐰 𝐡𝐢 𝐂𝐨𝐧𝐬𝐭𝐢𝐭𝐮𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧 𝐧𝐢𝐡 𝐚 𝐭𝐥𝐚𝐢𝐛𝐚𝐰𝐡𝐦𝐢 𝐥𝐞 𝐁𝐢𝐚𝐜𝐞𝐢𝐡𝐳𝐮𝐧𝐠 𝐧𝐢𝐡 𝐚 𝐳𝐨𝐡𝐟𝐞𝐥 𝐝𝐢𝐧𝐠𝐦𝐢 𝐭𝐡𝐢𝐥 𝐚 𝐬𝐢. Congress nih martial law hman i tim seh, cun SC zong nih hman dingin nawl hei chuahpiak ko hmanh sehlaw, US Constitution pi zoh chih in ai thlaak kho thiamthiam rih. Congress, president le, SC hi Constitution nih a zungzal in a tlaihmi an si. Constitution nih a pekmi nawlngeihnak vial lawng ai ngeihmi an si hna. Constitutional rights buar dingin Martil law lawng hlah, zeibantuk cawlcanghnak hmanh tuahnak nawl an ngei lo. Asinain, Constitution nih a pekmi rights pawl hi remhkhawh lo cu an si ruam lo. Biaceihzung pawl nih thatein an zohfel hnu ah a remthatnak in tawlrel a si caan a um. Cu Constitutional rights pawl cu buaktlakin cun a nung dih i, federal biaceihzung pawl nih an runven peng hna.
State pakhat khat ah ralkap nih martial law an hman i, thong an thlakmi hna an um ah cun chuahter hna dingin federal court nih an sinah nawlnak a tuah lai. Asinain, federal biaceihzung nih hin thatein an halnak a ruang an langhter khawh lo a si ah cun, ralkap nih civil cozah ai nincan nak dignah nawlngeihnak a hman ko lai.

𝘿𝙖𝙡𝙣𝙜𝙖𝙣𝙖𝙠: 𝙎𝙩𝙖𝙩𝙚𝙨 𝙥𝙖𝙬𝙡 𝙩𝙚 𝙯𝙚𝙞𝙙𝙖𝙝 𝙖𝙣 𝙡𝙖𝙬𝙝 𝙡𝙖𝙞? State nih martial law hman hi a fawi ngaimi thil a si. State pakhat nih a state chungah martial law tuahnak nawl ai ngeih, tiin SC nih a chim. Posse Comitatus Act hi states caah a si lo i, state chung law enforcement ca i ralkap thazang hmannak nawl an i ngeihmihi a hnursuanpiak kho hna lo. Asinain, cu ti ti tikah, state nih an duhmi paoh an tuah khawh, tinak a si lo. US Constitution, federal laws, hnatlaknak an tuahmi pawl nih hin a sangbikmi Law of the Land hi an ser caah, cucu zeibantuk state hmanh nih nawl a lonh kho lo. Martial law tuah a va si ko bu zongah, state officials pawl hi US Constitution le ai tlakmi federal law nih a theem thiamthiam hna, tiah SC nih a chim. Moyer v. Peabody le Sterling v. Constantin kongah, state nih hin emergency a ton i, lungtha tein khua a khaan le thil ai ningcanglo mi direct in a tawlrel a si ko ah cun, martial law hi a tuah khawh, tiin SC nih biachahnak a tuah.

𝗕𝗶𝗮𝘁𝗹𝗮𝗮𝗸 𝗸𝗮𝘄𝗺𝗻𝗮𝗸; Congress nih martial law hmannak nawl a pek ko hmanh ah, federal cozah nih constition ning tein martial law chuahnak nawl ai ngeih, tiin SC nih biachahnak a tuah taktakmi a um lo. Cu bantukin nawlpek mi a va um ko zongah, Constituion phung zulh tein tuah a si la i, martial law an tuah chung i ralkap pawl an cawlcanghnak vialte hi biaceihzung nih zohthannak a tuah hrimhrim lai, ti asi. State nih martial law kalpinak nawl ai ngeihmihi cu fiangtein a um ko nain, rii tampi khiahpiak a si ve. State law nih nawl a pek hna caan paoh ah state nih martial law a tuah ko lai. Federal courts belte nih cun state governor a biachahnak a laak khawh ta a hau. Asinain, Constitution le ai tlakmi federal laws nih state nih martial law a thanhmi hi hnahnawh a pek khawh thiam rih. Cun federal court ah biaceihbawi nih an cawlcanghnak zohpiak a si fawn rih lai. Congress le state cozah nih martial law a sullam hi fiangdeuh in an langhter lo chung paoh cu a konglam thitha in theihfian khawh a si rih lai lo. Tutan election kongah Trump nih hin amah thu in swing states 5 ah hin martial law a hmang kho lo. Credit: Chelsea Bawi